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Orchid Pests Control

Orchid Pests Control

Southern Ontario Orchid Society‘s March meeting was full of helpful and practical information for orchid growers. Orchid pests control: symptoms, and treatment options for orchid pests! Last summer, my oncidium’s three flower spikes were eaten by slug. By the time I realized it was slug, I was able to save half of the last flower spike. So, this topic was a very much needed knowledge for this summer.

Here are a list of available pest control treatments:
1. Horticultural oil – contains 97% mineral oil, and it’s fast working and effective
2. Neem oil
3. Organophosphate – it kills all bugs, good and bad; and it has 48 hours no enter if used in greenhouse. It should be used as last resort.
4. Pyrethrum – contact insecticide; once it’s dry, there’s no harm
5. Sulphur – use it every 7 days; it lowers pH level, and destroys eggs
6. Silicon Dioxide – organic solution to control insects, no harm to pets, fish, and animals. It controls slugs and snails
7. Insecticidal soap – kills bugs by dehydration
8. Yellow sticky traps – attract mature adults so that no eggs will be reproduced

Pest Best Treatment
Aphids Insecticidal soap
Shower the plants with cold water in summer outdoor
Mealybugs Horticultural/Neem oil is the best
Repeat 3 times
Ladybug is effective
Thrip Use insecticidal soap, and horticultural/neem oil spray every 7 days
Scale Horticultural/Neem oil for adults
Insecticidal soap when they are small
Spider mite Sulphur powder mix with water at 1 tbsp + 1 litre of water to spray
Lower temperature by 5 degrees/increase humidity by 5-10% because they like hot and dry
Pyrethrum based spray (Trounce)
Slugs Beer for slugs
Damp newspaper for earwigs
Fungus gnat Adult has no harm to orchid, sticky trap is the best

It’s recommended that you keep track of the application date, and change to a different type of spray after 3 applications because insects tend to develop resistance to the first type of spray you’ve used. Last but not least, if you try all methods, and still no sign of recovery, you can try drowning the orchid in bathtub for 24 hours.

Credit: Spencer Hauck
Featured image credit: American Orchid Society

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